Rights of an Orphans in Islam

Today we will study Verse # 09, Chapter # 93 Surat Ad-Dhuha (Arabic – الضحى‎)

فَاَمَّا الْيَتِيْمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ

So do not oppress the orphan

By WordNo. of Instances
in The Holy Quran
Meaning  First Placement
in the Holy Quran
Last Placement
in the Holy Quran
فَاَمَّا22So as farVerse # 26
Chapter # 02
Verse # 06
Chapter # 101
الْيَتِيْمَ23The orphanVerse # 83
Chapter # 02
Verse # 02
Chapter # 107
فَلَا156Then (do) notVerse # 22
Chapter # 02
Verse # 10
Chapter # 93
تَقْهَرْ10OppressVerse # 18
Chapter # 06
Verse # 09
Chapter # 93

اِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَا يَسْتَحْىٖٓ اَنْ يَّضْرِبَ مَثَلًا مَّا بَعُوْضَةً فَمَا فَوْقَهَا ۭ فَاَمَّا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا فَيَعْلَمُوْنَ اَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَّبِّهِمْ ۚ وَاَمَّا الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا فَيَقُوْلُوْنَ مَاذَآ اَرَادَ اللّٰهُ بِهٰذَا مَثَلًا ۘ يُضِلُّ بِهٖ كَثِيْرًا ۙ وَّيَهْدِىْ بِهٖ كَثِيْرًا ۭ وَمَا يُضِلُّ بِهٖٓ اِلَّا الْفٰسِقِيْن

The first placement of the root word فَاَمَّا is in Verse # 26 Chapter # 02 in which Allah Subhan O Allah is depicting the qualities of believers. A true believer would believe what has presented to him. He will not question the authenticity of the example. Today if we dig further details about the mosquito. We will be amazed how meticulously Allah Subhan O Talah has created this creature. Mosquito head side view has been captured by Bioscience Electron Microscopy Laboratory

Mosquito-Head-Side-View

A comprehensive research has been done on Mosquito life cycle.

And those who have believed know that it is the truth from their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, they say, “What did Allah intend by this as an example?” He misleads many thereby and guides many thereby. And He misleads not except the defiantly disobedient.

The last placement of the root word فَاَمَّا is in Verse # 06 Chapter # 101 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is announcing reward for those فَاَمَّا الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا فَيَعْلَمُوْنَ اَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِنْ رَّبِّهِمْ ( And those who have believed know that it is the truth from their Lord). What is the reward for them. Their reward is that their scale is heavy with good deeds. فَاَمَّا مَنْ ثَــقُلَتْ مَوَازِيْنُهٗ.


وَاِذْ اَخَذْنَا مِيْثَاقَ بَنِىْٓ اِسْرَاۗءِيْلَ لَا تَعْبُدُوْنَ اِلَّا اللّٰهَ ۣوَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ اِحْسَانًا وَّذِي الْقُرْبٰى وَالْيَتٰمٰى وَالْمَسٰكِيْنِ وَقُوْلُوْا لِلنَّاسِ حُسْـنًا وَّاَقِيْمُوا الصَّلٰوةَ .وَاٰتُوا الزَّكٰوةَ ۭثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ اِلَّا قَلِيْلًا مِّنْكُمْ وَاَنْتُمْ مُّعْرِضُوْنَ

The first placement of the root word الْيَتِيْمَ is in Verse # 83 Chapter # 02 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is exposing the children of Israelites. After receiving the clear message from Allah Subhan O Talah only a few followed the instructions.

  1. Do not worship except Allah
  2. To parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy
  3. Speak to people good [words]
  4. Establish prayer and give zakat

Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing. ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ اِلَّا قَلِيْلًا مِّنْكُمْ وَاَنْتُمْ مُّعْرِضُوْنَ

The last placement of the root word الْيَتِيْمَ is in Verse # 02 Chapter # 107 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is describing the major sin فَذٰلِكَ الَّذِيْ يَدُعُّ الْيَتِيْمَ. Those who drive away from the orphans. Driving away orphans does not mean pushing them far away. In Surah Al-Kahf (Verse 82, Chapter #18 ) Allah Subhan O Talah sends Khizr(A.S) and Moses(A.S) to construct the wall to secure the wealth of two orphan boys. The implication of this Ayat explicitly defines how Allah Subhan O Talah is concerned for the orphans, their rights why we should not involve in seizing the rights of orphans.


The first placement of the root word فَلَا is in Verse # 22 Chapter # 02 in which Allah Subhan O Talah describing his miraculous signs . What are those

  1. The Earth a bed (الْاَرْضَ فِرَاشًا)
  2. The sky a ceiling(وَّالسَّمَاۗءَ بِنَاۗءً)
  3. Sent down from the sky, rain(وَّاَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاۗءِ مَاۗءً)
  4. And brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you(َاَخْرَجَ بِهٖ مِنَ الثَّمَرٰتِ رِزْقًا لَّكُمْ)

So do not knowingly set up equals to Allah [in worship].فَلَا تَجْعَلُوْا لِلّٰهِ اَنْدَادًا وَّاَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُوْنَ

Verse # 83 Chapter # 02 AND Verse # 22 Chapter # 02 Allah Subhan O Talah presented cohesive analysis. He list down the four attributes of a believer in parallel He articulated His four attributes also.

In the concluding remarks in Verse # 83 Chapter # 02 He mentioned only few accepted the truth AND in Verse # 22 Chapter # 02 he admonished that after witnessing the miraculous signs do knowingly set up equals to Allah (in worship).

The last placement of the root word فَلَا is in Verse # 10 Chapter # 93 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is instructing not to repel the mendicant. Great fiction writer Ashfaq Ahmed used to says that a beggar is a letter from Allah Subhan O Talah. Do not let it go without reading it. Whatever you are giving to someone you are not giving from yourself. You are giving him or her from what Allah Subhan O Talah has given to you.


The first placement of the root word تَقْهَرْ is in Verse # 18 Chapter # 06 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is announcing his supreme authority

وَهُوَ الْقَاهِرُ فَوْقَ عِبَادِهٖ ۭ وَهُوَ الْحَكِيْمُ الْخَبِيْرُ

He reigns supreme over His creation. And He is the All-Wise, All-Aware.

The last placement of the root word تَقْهَرْ is in Verse # 09 Chapter # 93 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is concluding his decision . Do not oppress the orphan.

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