Sacrifice: Legacy of Ibrahim(A.S)

Today we will study Verse # 02 , Chapter # 108 of Surat-Kausar (Arabic: ألْكَوْثَر‎)

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ

So pray to your Rub(All Mighty Allah) and sacrifice.

By WordNo. of Instances
in The Holy Quran
Meaning  First Placement
in the Holy Quran
Last Placement
in the Holy Quran
فَصَلِّ99So pray, set outVerse # 03
Chapter # 02
Verse # 02
Chapter # 108
لِرَبِّكَ955All Mighty AllahVerse # 01
Chapter # 01
Verse # 01
Chapter # 114
وَانْحَرْ01And sacrificeVerse # 02
Chapter # 108
Verse # 02
Chapter # 108

الَّذِيْنَ يُؤْمِنُوْنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَ يُـقِيْمُوْنَ الصَّلٰوةَ وَ مِمَّا رَزَقْنٰھُمْ يُنْفِقُوْنَ

The first placement of the root word فَصَلِّ is in Verse # 03 Chapter # 02.Prayer(Salah الصَّلٰوةَ  ) is only for Allah Subhan O Talah . The fundamental characteristics of a true believer are those who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them. If we cross-examine the context of both Ayah. 

Following message is common in both verses

  1. Establish prayer [ يُـقِيْمُوْنَ الصَّلٰوةَ ] || So pray to your Rub [فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ]
  2. Spend out of what we have provided for them [وَ مِمَّا رَزَقْنٰھُمْ يُنْفِقُوْنَ] || and Sacrifice [وَانْحَرْ]

The last placement of the root word فَصَلِّ is in Verse # 02 Chapter # 108 .Those who establish the prayers and spend out from whatever Allah Subhan O Talah has blessed them are the strong candidate for his love and mercy. In the closing verses of the Holy Qur’an Allah Subhan O Talah is restating the fact and the importance of prayer and generosity.

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِيْنَ

The first placement of the word رَبِّ is in Verse # 01 Chapter # 01 in which Allah Subhan O Talah is portraying the fact the I am the One for whom you should establish your prayers.

قُلْ اَعُوْذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ

The last placement of the word بِرَبِّ is in Verse # 01, Chapter # 114 where Rasool Allah (SAW) is seeking refuge in the Lord of humankind”. So in challenging times we should seek Allah Subhan O Talah refuge.

The first and last placement of the root word وَانْحَرْ is in Verse # 02 Chapter # 108 . Three words used for the Act of Slaughter/Sacrifice1 in the Holy Qur’an .

1 -Dhabaha/Dhibh/Dhabeeha (ذبح) – to slaughter something for religious motives, and a higher agenda .i.e. Slaughtering children too.[Surah Ibrahim 14:06]

(وَاِذْ قَالَ مُوْسٰى لِقَوْمِهِ اذْكُرُوْا نِعْمَةَ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْكُمْ اِذْ اَنْجٰىكُمْ مِّنْ اٰلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُوْمُوْنَكُمْ سُوْۗءَ الْعَذَابِ وَيُذَبِّحُوْنَ اَبْنَاۗءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُوْنَ نِسَاۗءَكُمْ ۭ وَفِيْ ذٰلِكُمْ بَلَاۗءٌ مِّنْ رَّبِّكُمْ عَظِيْمٌ)

2 – Dhak-kah (ذكه) – to kill an animal quickly and painlessly. i.e. An animal is injured and is approaching death, so you quickly sacrifice it before it becomes dead – that would be halal/permissible for you.[Surah Al-Ma’idah 05:03]

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنْزِيْرِ وَمَآ اُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللّٰهِ بِهٖ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوْذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَالنَّطِيْحَةُ وَمَآ اَ كَلَ السَّبُعُ اِلَّا مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ ۣ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَي النُّصُبِ وَاَنْ تَسْـتَقْسِمُوْا بِالْاَزْلَامِ ۭذٰلِكُمْ فِسْقٌ ۭ اَلْيَوْمَ يَىِٕسَ الَّذِيْنَ كَفَرُوْا مِنْ دِيْنِكُمْ فَلَا تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِ ۭ اَلْيَوْمَ اَ كْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِيْنَكُمْ وَاَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِيْ وَرَضِيْتُ لَكُمُ الْاِسْلَامَ دِيْنًا ۭ فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِيْ مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِّاِثْمٍ ۙ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَفُوْرٌ رَّحِيْمٌ

3 – Nahr (نهر) In this ayah in surah Kawthar.[Surah Al- Kausar 108:02]

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ

Means – that which is above the chest.
Intihar /Intahara – when someone commits suicide (i.e. Hanging the neck or cutting their neck etc.) It means – to cut in the throat.

Allah specifically mentions cutting the animal in the throat in this surah, which is similar to the legacy of Ibrahim. How close Allah’s Messenger is to Ibrahim’s way, where the practices of sacrifice originally began. Unlike the polytheists who claim to be descendants and followers of his way.

By Precisely using this word – Allah is reminding us that in the previous two surahs (Surah Quraysh and Ma’un) – the Arab polytheists are NOT following the legacy of Ibrahim. They are not fulfilling the dua and legacy of Ibrahim. So you (O Muhammad) are the fulfillment of the dua prayer and legacy of Ibrahim

Footnote : Excerpt from Ustad Nouman Ali Khan

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